LORDSTOWN — A sprawling General Motors’ assembly plant near Youngstown will be idled on Wednesday after more than 50 years producing cars and other vehicles, a move that will eliminate nearly 1,700 hourly positions by months’ end.
GM announced in December that Lordstown along with three plants in the U.S. and one in Canada would close at some point this year.
LORDSTOWN — Some facts and figures about northeast Ohio's Lordstown assembly plant, which General Motors is idling Wednesday after the final U.S.-made Chevrolet Cruze sedan rolls off the assembly line, eliminating the jobs of nearly 1,700 hourly workers:
- The plant opened in April 1966. The first car off the line was a Chevrolet Impala sports sedan that went to a local car dealership. Vehicles produced at Lordstown over the years have included other full-size sedans, vans and various compact cars, including the infamous Chevy Vega, considered one of the worst American-made cars ever.
- The plant's footprint is 6.2 million square feet (nearly 600,000 square meters), the equivalent of around 108 American football fields.
- Lordstown has produced more than 16 million vehicles since 1966.
- Nearly 1.9 million Chevrolet Cruze sedans have been assembled at Lordstown since the vehicle went into production in 2011. Peak production reached 290,000 cars in 2014. Just over 123,000 were made last year.
- The plant, located in the Trumbull County village of Lordstown, is about 60 miles southeast of downtown Cleveland and about 75 miles northwest of downtown Pittsburgh.
The Cruze, once a popular and well-reviewed compact car made in Lordstown since 2011, has become the victim of consumer tastes as car buyers in an era of inexpensive gasoline have shown strong preferences for trucks, SUVs and crossover-type vehicles, all of which produce far bigger profits than sedans for GM
While Wednesday could be the last day for the Cruze, GM spokesman Dan Flores said the plant's parts-stamping operation will continue producing fenders and other replacement parts through most of March.
The 6.2 million square foot plant (nearly 600,000 square meters) will be placed in a “state of readiness,” Flores said, meaning it will be heated and fully maintained to allow for a resumption of operations. A final decision on the plant's future is expected to be made during upcoming contract talks with the United Auto Workers that begin this summer. The UAW's national contract with GM expires in mid-September.
The union claimed in a recent federal lawsuit that its existing contract prohibits GM from idling plants. UAW 1112 President Dave Green has urged workers to remain hopeful, saying their fate will ultimately be decided at the bargaining table.
Meanwhile, production of the Cruze sedan and hatchback will continue in Mexico, where the car is made for markets outside the U.S.
Recently promoted company President Mark Reuss said in January that GM is “looking at a lot of different options for the plant,” without providing specifics. When asked if that means Lordstown could get a new vehicle, he said that hasn't been decided.
“We've just got to keep an open mind here, and we are,” he said.
Reuss also said GM can't keep operating a plant with a slow-selling vehicle like the Cruze, and still have enough money to invest in the future. It also doesn't want to get caught like it did in 2008 with too many factories and workers, a problem that helped to push the company into bankruptcy protection.
“We've got some history of that, to be honest,” Reuss said. “We don't want that history to repeat.”
Lordstown's history dates back to 1966. More than 16 million vehicles have rolled off its assembly line since then, including nearly 1.9 million Cruzes since the car went into production in 2011.
The automaker has said most of its blue-collar workers whose jobs are eliminated in the U.S. will be able to transfer to plants in the Midwest and South.
The other plants slated to close this year are assembly plants in Detroit and Oshawa, Ontario, and transmission plants in Warren, Michigan, and near Baltimore.
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